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District Musakhel Musakhel, all hilly and green, is hard to be traced in the historical descriptions as there is no isolated account of the area available. However, by studying the history of Kandahár and northern Balochistan little can be ascertained about Musakhel. According to the early history, this area, being a part of Kandahár province, has been ruled by the Ghaznavids, Maliks of Kurat Dynasty, Amir Timur and his successors (1383-1470 AD), Sultan Husain Mirza of Herát (1470-1480 AD), and Amir Shuja-ud-Din Zunnún (1480-1504). In 1505 AD, the Mughals conquered the province of Kandahár and held it till 1559 AD when the Safavid Kings of Persia acquired it. The Mughals regained the province in 1595 AD but lost it again in 1622 AD, to the Safavid Kings of Persia. This time, the Safavids, conferred the government of Pishin and its tribal dependencies upon Sher Khan Tarin. He, after 7 years, refused to submit to the governor of Kandahár and became semi-independent,  but had to retreat later on. In 1709 AD, the Afghan inhabitants rose under Mir Wais Ghilzai and established the Ghilzai power in Kandahár. The Ghilzai power was terminated by Nadir Shah in 1737 AD. After the assassination of Nadir Shah in 1747 AD, the first democratic government was established in Kandahár by the Afghans as they elected Ahmed Shah Durrani as their ruler. In 1826, the first Amir of Afghanistan, Dost Muhammad Barakzai, took hold of the area and annexed it to Afghanistan.

After the first phase of the Afghan war of 1878-79 AD, the British took control of the northern areas of Balochistan under the Treaty of Gandamak. During 1879-84 AD, efforts were made to extend the British influence over the Khetrans and Musakhels of the, now Musakhel, territory. The Musakhels took part in outrages committed by the Kakars under Shah Jahan in 1884, but surrendered to the British government on the conclusion of the expedition in the same year. On 1st November 1887, the whole area was declared  part of  British India. Zhob agency was formed in 1890 and Musakhel territory was annexed to it. Musakhel was made a tehsil in 1892 and was transferred to Loralai district in October 1903.

In 1905, the Musakhel tehsil comprised 61 villages and the total population, according to 1901 census, was 15,537 (8,374 males and 7,163 females). The principal tribes represented were: Isot Afghans (1,941); Jafar Afghans (1,026); Panri Afghans (10,144) including the Musakhel clan (9,748) the principal divisions of which were the Belkhel (7,662) and Laharzai (2,086); and Saiads (271). The chief language spoken was Pushto.Musakhel remained a tehsil of Loralai district till 1st January 1992 when it was notified as a district as a result of splitting Loralai district into 3 districts, Loralai, Musakhel, and Barkhan. Although Musakhel is an old human settlement there is no remarkable archaeological site.
 

Basic  information


Population 

134411   ( As per Census  1998) 

Projected Population 

 

247719   (As Reported in first phase of  House listing 2011)                       

House- holds 

29554    (As Reported in first phase of House listing   2011)                      

Area 

 5700-sq K.M 


 


Local  government


Municipal Committee

=          01

 

District Council

=          01

 

Tehsil Council

=          02

 

Union Council     

=        (17) 

1. Ghuryasa  (2) Sadar (3) Loghai    Ponga (4)   Zam (5) Sarakhawah (6)  Toisar 

(7) Salli  (8)  Durug  (9)  Karkna

(10) Gharwandi (11) Loghai (12) Wah Hassankhel (13) Kewan (14) Zimri Plaseen (15) Kingri (16)Rrarasham (17) Kot Khan Muhammad.

 

 

   iv.            List of    71-  Revenue    villages  (Mozajat)

 

            1.     Bazar Musakhel          2. Olmai                      3. Talli                         4. Chowa

5.   ZawerMaghdozai        6. SaimiAghberg          7.Naghar Bah              8.Ghuryasa

9. InghezaMaghdozai        10.Koch Jamalzai        11.Salmazai                12.Sarakhawah

13. ZawerMiran                14.Chassan                 15.Loghai                   16.Dergai

17. Solan Dergai               18.Cham                   19.Pazwan Kuch           20.Zarri

21. Permzai                      22. ZawerKhurmzai    23. ZawerEssot            24. Toisar

25. Karosha                       26. Gat                     27.NaliMirdadzai       

28.Nali Bughdadzai            29. Ibraheemzai         30. Tap                       31. Wah

32.Zam                            33. LoghaiPonga         34.Kurram                  

35.China Khundi               36.Nakhal                   37. BehdurPlaseen      38.Salli

39.Zhezza                        40.Kewan                   41. Barkohi               42. Chakhen                

43.Sara Dergah                44.Nishpa                  45. Raghzai               46. Ghari                    

 47.Guzi “A”                      48.Guzi “B”

49. Inzrakhel                        50. Ramak                51.Bair                        52.Khaji

53. Tangisar                         54. Durug                 55.Zarni                      56.Gargoji

57. Nath                               58. Kiara                  59. Dab                       60. Karkna     

61. Nilli62 .Kingri                  63. Khajoori              64. Chap        

65. Gharwandi                     66. Rode                    67.Sarian                     68. Ander Pur

69. Rarasham                      70. Lori Tang              71.Kot Khan Muhammad.

 

 

Police Thana

 

 Police  Manpower             

 3                 (1). Sadar  Musakhel  (2)Kingri

                       (3) Rarasham         

 238              personnel

 

     B.C                                       

   

     1-Platoon    (28) personnel

 

     F.C                                       

 

     1-Platoon    (68) personnel

 

Levies Thanas            

 

 

 

 

 

Levies Manpower                      

    11             1. HQ  Musakhel  2.  Toisar   

3. Kot Khan Muhammad  4. Kingri 

5. Khajoori 6.  Rarasham  7. Sarkandi  

 8. Tangi Sa       9. Durug       10. Karkna       

11. Zimri   Plaseen.

 

 294    (Federal = 145  Provincial = 149)

 


 

Education

S#

Institution

Boys

Girls

Total

1.

Colleges

03

01

04

2

High Schools

13

04

17

3

Middle Schools

08

04

12

4

Primary Schools

195

76

271

 


 

Health

DHQ Hospital

=          01

 

Rural Health Center

=          01

 

BHUs 

=          16       

 

Civil Dispensary

=          15

 

Mother and Child Care Center

=          01

 

Mobile   Dispensary  

=          01

 

 


 

Live Stocks.


Live Stock  Hospital

 03  Musakhel 2. Kingri  Durug

Dispensary    

 45  Dispensaries

 


General  Description of the District Musakhel 

 

a.     Population 

 

Population  of  the  District Musakhel as  per  Census  1998   is  134411,  and  projected population   as  per House Listing  2011  is  267000- souls. 90%   households are in Rural areas  and  10% population in  urban areas.  Population  density  (per  Sq K.M )  is   18   to   25.   100%  population   are    Muslim  abide by  Islamic  Sunnah  Law.

 

b.     Geography

 

(Name, Location. Boundary  and    Areas).

 

Under the British rule, in 1890, Zhob Agency was formed and Musakhel territory was annexed into it. Musakhel was made a Tehsil in 1892 and was transferred to Loralai District in October 1903. In the year 1971 Tehsil Musakhel was upgraded as a sub Division of loralai District till 31-12-1992. On fist January 1992, it was notified as a District as a result of splitting Loralai District into three District (1) Loralai (2) Musakhel (3) Barkhan. On 31st December 2000,  District was merged back into Loralai District and on Ist January 2003 District was restored. Musakhel District has  2-Sub  Divisions,    (1) Musakhel (2) Durug,  2-Tehsils   (1) Kingri. (2)  Toisar  and  1-Sub Tehsil    Zimri Plaseen.   

 

c.     Topography.

 

Musakhel is located from 30  -17  to 31  -28  north latitudes and from 69  -28  to 70  -15  east longitudes. It is bounded on the north by the Dera Ismail Khan District,  on the east by the Dera Ghazi Khan district, on the south by the Barkhan District, and on the west by the narrow strips of   Loralai  and  Zhob Districts. Total area of the District is 5,727 square  Kilometers.

 

d.     Climate / rainfall.

Annual  Mean Temperature.

The climate of Musakhel, located 1,200-2,400 meters above sea level, is semi-arid. It can be placed in the "warm summer and mild winter" temperature region.The summer is hot with mean temperatures ranging from 21 C to 32  C. June is the hottest month when maximum temperature does exceed 32  C and occasionally rises above 38  C. Summer is longer than winter and lasts for about 7 months (April-October). In winter the temperature drops below 21 C, but  in the coolest month (January) the mean monthly temperature   drops   below 10 C.   The mercury may touch the freezing point during cold spells. 

 

At Barkhan station of the Pakistan Meteorological Department, mid summer mean maximum temperature (in June) varied slightly in the years 2009- 2010  (from 37.1  C to 38.8  C) while  mid  summer mean minimum temperature ranged from 23.8 C to 25.1 C. The mid winter mean maximum temperature (in January) in these three years was between 14.9  C and 16.0  C and mean minimum temperature in mid winter remained between 3.8 C and 5.0  C. .

The data on temperature seem consistent through the years as the annual mean maximum temperature for the years 2008-2009  ranged from 27.6  C to 28.3  C. Similarly annual mean minimum temperature for these two   years varied slightly, from 15.3 C to 15.9  C. This mean temperature data validates the climatic categorization of the District as "warm summer and mild winter" because mean monthly temperature in summer remains below 32  C and in winter it ranges between 10.3  C and 18.4  C. These temperatures are within the temperature ranges for "warm summer and mild winter" region.

   

e.      Annual  Mean Rainfall

 

The total annual rainfall ranges between 325 and 750 mm, most of which takes place in summer due to monsoon. The potential evaporation exceeds precipitation but is less than two times as great. Therefore the area is semi-arid with quite some vegetation. According to the Pakistan Meteorological Department, total annual precipitation in  2011  was 429.7 mm at Barkhan. By the extent of vegetation in Musakhel it can be assumed that the level of precipitation here is not  less than that in Barkhan.

 

 

To date no meteorological station has been established in Musakhel by the Pakistan Meteorological Department.  Barkhan is a neighbor   District of Musakhel and has similar geographic characteristics,  therefore, data from Barkhan station have been given here just to have an idea of the situation. In   2008,    the total annual rainfall in Barkhan district was 512.5 mm which increased to 750  mm in  2010  and again decreased to 429.7 mm in  2011.   It may be assumed that Musakhel does have approximately equivalent rainfall levels. Summer rainfall  provides water for kharif  crops, i.e., Jowar, Maize, Moong, Mash, and fodder. Sometimes traffic across the streams is discontinued due to flood waters resulting from rainfall.

   

f.       Soils.

The Atlas of Pakistan describes the land of Musakhel as rock outcrops and loamy, very shallow steep high mountain soils of mainly arid and semi-arid zones (rock outcrops and Lithic   Cambothids). The mountainous land of Musakhel is made of rock outcrops, litho sols, and rigosols. With the virtual absence of vegetation, soil formation is minimal. The foothills are covered with talus cones and alluvial fans, generally composed of gravel, pebbles, and sands. Beyond the foothills, the valley floors are covered with silt and loam. These are fertile soils of great agricultural value in the rocky waste. Limestone, shale and sandstone are the main types of rocks involved in the formation of this area. Volcanic rocks cover the area in patches. Limestone yields very little soils. Most of the soils formed on the slopes are removed by wind, water, and gravity. Stony soils lie over the bedrock and are classified as litho sols. Over the flatter areas, rigosols, soils without many stones, dominate..

 

Locally, about six types of soils are found in Musakhel. Lasai or Súr Khaurai is soft red soil containing silt or mat and is found in Kingri circle and the Sahra valley. This land is used for cultivation of wheat, juar, and bajra. Tor Khaurai is dark hard loam found in Drug and Rarasham areas and is used for wheat and maize. Sand loam, the Sagai, is found in Rod Kingri and Rod Kharrar  areas, and Zhalikhan   (gravely) in Drug circle are used for cultivating Moong. In some areas of  Toisar and Drug earth is spread in rocky ground to form soil artificially. Locally it is called Návrina Mzakka and it is used to cultivate barley and maize. Barley is also cultivated on saline soils, called Tarkhbandae, of Sanghar hills, Rod Srian, Zimri  , and Toisar.

 

g.     Minerals

The mountainous land of   Tehil  Durug,   Tehsil Musakhel  and  Tehsil Kingri     have potential for mineral resources. There are ample opportunities for coal, oil and gas exploration.    In  the  year  1995,  British  Gas  Company  with  the  collaboration   of  BGP discovered Oil   and  Gas   reservoirs  at  Saway   Ragha Tehsil  Musakhel. In   the year  2003, the OGDCL  discovered Oil  and  Gas  reservoirs at  Lakhri  near Kot Khan  Muhammad Tehsil Kingri.  

It should be mentioned that the Geological Survey of Pakistan and the Inspectorate of Mines have   indicated  many Coal  reservoirs  at Spalmai Karam and Guzi Ghar area  of   Tehsil  Durug,  Kingri,  Khajoor,  Chap, and  Arram areas of  Tehsil  Kingri.

 

Few efforts have been made   for  Coal  Mining  in  the  past,     but the non-co-operative attitude of the local population and lack of commitment on the Government   part have obstructed the exploitation of mineral resources in the District.  Now  with  the  help  of  F.C,  disputes on   the  Mineral   areas mostly   have  been  settled  and  Coal  Mining  in the  Kingri  areas  are  underway. Similarly,   the  GSP   discovered Marble  reservoirs at  Sadowal  near  Zawer Essot Tehsil  Musakhel.  The  Mines  and  Minerals  Department Balochistan  is  issuing prospecting  licences   for  Mining  to  the  stakeholders  in  the  District. 

 

h.       Vegetation. 

The vegetation in Musakhel consists mainly of grasses and spiny scrubs. Grass and fodder plants are fairly numerous in the District. Some are used as medicine. Other plants and shrubs are used as fodder for goats, sheep, cattle, and camels.

The many various trees provide fruits, fuel wood, and timber to the people.

 

i.      Rivers  and Streams.

A large stream of the District,  Loritang which flows from Loralai District crosses Musakhel District from Kot Khan Muhammad area to Indus river near Tounsa Sharef ( District DG Khan ) and another stream flows from Murgha Kibzai  to  Vehoa   Tehsil Tounsa Shareef  via near  Musakhel

  Bazar  and  Toisar  area. The third stream from  the loft  peaks  of  “Pawad”  range of Tehsil Durug flows to Indus River near   Tounsa Shareef   District DG Khan.

 

j.      FLORA

Principal trees and plants found in Musakhel District are wild olive (shinay) .plum, or edible pine and wild almond in high lands. Other trees include willow, tamarisk (along the embeds of streams) pastawana (grewia oppostifolio) and spalanai (caltrops gigantean).

 

k.     FAUNA

Wild animal are wolves, jackal, hyena, fox and porcupine. Leopards and black bear are occasionally found in the high hills in Suleman range.

 

Among the game bird chakor (red legged partridge, partridge, and pigeon are numerous in higher altitudes. Sand grouse, quail and bustard are found in plains.

 

Snake and scorpion are common everywhere in Musakhel. Fish (Mahsir) are found in every running stream in Lori Tang, Toisar, and Durug streams, some of which weigh up to 8 lbs.

 

l.               AGRICULTURE AND RELATED SECTORS

 

Agriculture / horticulture.

 

Musakhel District receives sufficient annual rainfall, it has potential for developing agriculture and livestock but  to materialize, the District needs  necessary infrastructure   and  resources  which at present    lacks.

 

District’s most parts are hilly and barren with very limited water resources for agriculture purposes. However, during recent years,   tube wells have become  useful  with the result that agricultural activity has registered a rise and a total of 26716- acre of land is under cultivation in the District  by   Tube wells. Sowing and harvesting are still largely carried out in traditional manner but the use of agricultural machinery is increasing day by day. However, there is very little scope for a radical increase in the area under cultivation as the area is mostly “Barani”. There are two cropping seasons, Kharif and Rabi. Rabi crops are sown between October and till mid- February and harvested in May. Kharif crops are sown from May to June and harvested by the ends of September.  Currently, wheat, maize, barely, millet, pulses  onion and vegetables  are the most profitable crops in economic terms, which provide about three-fourth of the total agricultural income. Limited Pomegranate, apple, apricots and  peaches  are grown in Toisar, Durug,  Rode and  Rarasham  areas of the District. Efforts  could  be made to increase the production of these crops.

 

                                 The situation for livestock is no different. There are plenty of pastoral areas on  the hills and  mountains  in  the   District which surely have sustainable grazing capacity for livestock development.   The  live stock  Department Musakhel  has  reported approximately   4200000-sheeps  in  the  District.

Musakhel will  provide skilled manpower for the neighboring Districts of Punjab and Balochistan as  the   vocational training centers  have  been   established  at  Tehsil  headquarter Musakhel,  Durug  and at   Rarasham  Tehsil  Kingri   for the local youth. A micro credit system and technical inputs may encourage the people to get engaged in small-scale manufacturing and cottage industry. 

 

m.   Irrigation

 

Only 26, 716- acres of land is irrigated throughout the  District. Majority of the area in the district is irrigated by springs. The following forms of irrigation are found in the district: -

 

1.                     Perennial Irrigation Scheme.                                                             34

2.                     Delay Action Dam/Storage   Dam.                                                       7

3.                     Flood Protection schemes.                                                                  4

 

2.     Economy.

 

Agriculture and Live Stock are major source of economy in the District. Coal Mining

are conceiving  at  Spalmai  Karrum, Guzi  Ghar area  of  Tehsil  Musakhel , Betar Kuch, area  of  Tehsil  Durug  and  at  Kingri.  Arram,  Chap,  Kot Khan  Muhammad, Gharwandi  and     Khajoori areas  of  Tehsil  Kingri   District  Musakhel. 


3.     MAJOR  TIBES.

 

Population of District             =          134411  (as  per Census 1998)

                                               

S#

Tribe

Population as per Census 1998

1.

Belkhel Musakhel

75523

2

Laherzai  Musakhel

16070

3

Essot

11321

4

Qaisrani  and Buzdars

8922

5

Jafar

8639

6

Zimri

8650

7

Gharshin

5286

 

Total

134411

 


 

OFFICIAL TELEPHONE NUMBERS

 

S#

Name

Designation

Office No

Res.

Fax No.

Cell #

1.

Mr. Muhammad Azeem Kakar

D.C

0828/611103

0828/611027

0828/611127

03333842900

2.

Muhammad Saleem

DPO

0828/611200

0828611218

0828/611199

03332076261

3

Mr. Mian Khan Buzdar

XEN PHED

0828/611131

0828/611131

 

03228141911

4

Mr. Zafar Baloch

A.C

0828/611050

0828/611050

0828/611127

03337898334

5

Dr.  Khalid Mehmood

D.H.O

0828/611128

0828/611128

0

03337823283

6.

Rehmatullah

Supdt D.C office

0828/611130

0828/611130

0828/611127

03218164330

7

Ghulam Haidar

Tehsildar

0828/611049

0828/611049

 

03338273854

8

Muhammad Ayaz

D.A.O

0828/611129

0828/61129

 

03218183697

9

Muhammad Qasim

Manager NBP

0828/611007

0828/611007

0828/611007

03226730034

10

Mr. Momin  Khan

DSM   PPHI

0828/611059

0828/611059

0828/611069

03337804878

10

Mr. Muhammad Aslam

XEN  B/R 

0828/611090

0828/611090

 

03333825251

11

Dr. Muhammad Bilal

DDO L/Stock

0828/611046

0828/611046

 

03337738962

12

Khudai  Noor

DDO Agric

0828/611058

0828/611058

 

 

13

 

D.O Forest

0828/611074

0828/611074

 

 

14

Malik Ahmed Khan

Asstt Engineer AE

0828/611126

0828/611126

 

03227847100

15

Muhammad Saleem

DEO Education

0828/611193

0828/611148

 

03334835331

16

Mr. Shah Wali

X.E.N Irrigation

0828/611245

0828/611245

 

03346072736

17

Saifullah  Qaisrani

ADLG

0828/611128

0828/611128

 

03336758481

18

Police Thana

SHO

0828/611006

0828/611006

 

 

19

Mr. Naseer Ahmed

TDR  Durug

 

 

 

03218342400

20

Nadir Khan

TDR Kingri

0828/601107

0828/601107

 

 

21

Mr. Farooq Ahmed

S.W.O

0828/611174

0828/611174

 

 

22

Mr. Abdul Nizam

P.A  to D.C

0828/611103

0828/611062

0828/611127

03337995277

23

Mr. Rehmatullah

Risaldar Major

0828/611066

0828/611067

0

03337869177

24

Mr, Atta Muhammad

N.TDR

0828/611049

0828/611049

0

03346954035

25

Mr. Manzoor Ahmed

C/Officer M.C

0828/611124

0828/611124

0

03468347492

26

Engr.Samtullah

Distt I.T Officer

0828/611133

0

0

03342322804

 

 

 

  
 
 

 

 

 

GOTOP